तुमन्तसिद्धिः – २

तुमन्तसिद्धिः – २

Ten different patterns of तुमन्तसिद्धिः were detailed in the earlier post “तुमन्तसिद्धिः – १”. But basic purpose or concept of तुमन्तसिद्धिः  was not discussed there. The purpose and concept of तुमन्तसिद्धिः is contained in the पाणिनि-सूत्रम् ३।३।१० →

तुमुन्-ण्वुलौ क्रियायां क्रियार्थायाम् । ,

This सूत्रम् seems to be hinting of two processes or of two affixes, which help to obtain a word, which connotes the action क्रिया and/or  क्रियार्थ the purpose or desire of the action.

In English grammar word connoting an action is called an infinitive. For example, for the action of  going, we have the verb ‘to go’. In English also, the infinitive ‘to go’  connotes both the action of ‘going’ and also the purpose or reason for the action. For example, in a sentence “I get up to go”, the infinitive ‘to go’ connotes the action of going. Also, ‘to go’ connotes the purpose of getting up. I am just curiously wondering whether books of English grammar detail such dual function of an infinitive. पाणिनि-सूत्रम् ३।३।१० brings out the significance of तुमुन् very clearly.

In Sanskrit, a तुमन्त, such as वक्तुम् (from वच्, to speak, to say, to tell) can be interpreted in both the contexts of क्रिया and/or  क्रियार्थ . For example,

  1. बालोऽपि वक्तुं शक्नोति = Boy also can speak.

  2. सभायां वक्तुं इच्छामि = I wish to speak in the meeting

  3. भाषणं विचारान् वक्तुम् = Speech is for expressing thoughts.

The पाणिनि-सूत्रम् ३।३।१० also mentions another process or affix ण्वुल् . But ण्वुल्-affix is a separate, different affix. Its result is similar to that of तुमुन्, i.e. क्रिया and/or  क्रियार्थ .  However, since it is a separate, different affix, it need not be discussed here, when discussing तुमन्तसिद्धिः.