व्यञ्जन(हल्)सन्धयः (4)

व्यञ्जन(हल्)सन्धयः (4)

सूत्राणि about व्यञ्जनसन्धयः are of course many more than the 12 mapped in the matrix cum Wenn diagram Not all सूत्राणि can be fitted here. Yet fitted is सूत्रम् (8) कुहोश्चुः 7-4-62 which has application प्रसङ्गविशेषतः Note कुहोश्चुः means substitution of वर्णाः कु (all of क्-वर्ग) and ह् by चु (appropriate वर्णाः of च्-वर्ग. e.g. इच्छार्थकानि of कृ are as चिकीर्षति. Forms of धातवः हा (जहाति) हु (जुहोति) have substitution of ह् by ज्. 


सूत्रम् झयो होऽन्यतरस्याम् 8-4-62 applies to झय् as पूर्ववर्णः and ह् as परवर्णः Since झय् means 20 वर्गीयव्यञ्जनानि excepting the 5 अनुनासिकानि this applies to 20*1=20 instances. The सूत्रम् contains the word अन्यतरस्याम् meaning ‘alternatively’ or optionally. The domain of सूत्रम् झयो होऽन्यतरस्याम् 8-4-62 is in the ambit of the grey rectangles (6.2 to 6.5) of झलां जशोऽन्ते 8-2-39. Note also the four red strips (4.2 to 4.5) of चोः कुः 8-2-30 Some  good example is वाच्+हरिः → वाक्+हरिः (चोः कुः) → वाग्+हरिः (झलां जशोऽन्ते) → वाग्हरिः altly. वाग्घरिः (झयो होऽन्यतरस्याम्) Note परवर्णः ह् changes to घ् the fourth letter, aspirated soft of the same वर्गः as of the previous ग्. 

When studying Sanskrit verses, the first step is to do सन्धिविच्छेदाः or पदच्छेदाः In both these words there is an extra च् in the letter च्छे. One can appreciate that the extra च् happens in the natural course of pronunciation. प्रक्रिया for पद+छेदः is 

  • पद+छेदः = पदत् + छेदः  There is आगमः of त् by छे च 6-1-73 
  • त् changes to द् by झलां जशोऽन्ते 8-2-39) Hence पदद् +छेदः 
  • द् changes to ज् by  स्तोः श्चुना श्चुः 8-4-40 
  • ज् changes to च्  by खरि च 8-4-55. 

Hence पद+छेदः = पदच्छेदः. 

A सन्धिः of त्+श् also merits study. e.g. यत् + शोकम् The प्रक्रिया is 

  • पूर्ववर्णः त् changes to द् by झलां जशोऽन्ते (8-2-39)
  • द् changes to श् because of परवर्णः श् by स्तोः श्चुना श्चुः (8-4-40)
  • श् changes to च् because of परवर्णः श् by खरि च (8-4-55)
  • परवर्णः श् changes to छ् by शश्छोऽटि (8-4-63)
  • Hence यत्+शोकम् = यच्छोकम्

I admit that it is one thing to explain the प्रक्रिया by quoting related सूत्राणि. But if one was to ask a question “How do I know that I have to first apply सूत्रम् 8-2-39 ?” I think the answer is in my Wenn Diagram of (34*47=) 1598 cells, showing domains of a few select सूत्राणि. Actually the combination of पूर्ववर्णः त् and परवर्णः श् i.e.row of त् and column for श् leads one directly to the cell त्+श्, which is in the grey area of सूत्रम् झलां जशोऽन्ते with  स्तोः श्चुना श्चुः also mentioned in parenthesis. In these grey areas 

सूत्रम् खरि च (8-4-55) is also mentioned with yellow highlight color. This much about त् of त्+श् changing to च्. The श् of त्+श् also changes to छ् by शश्छोऽटि (8-4-63) Note this change happens, because श् is not just श् but शो.

I thought it good to discuss this यत्+शोकम् = यच्छोकम् because this  type of व्यञ्जनसन्धि is in गीता 2-8 twice in succession, see यच्छोकमुच्छोषणमिन्द्रियाणाम् This looks like a single 11-letter word, but splits as यत् शोकम् उच्छोषणम् इन्द्रियाणाम्. Note उच्छोषणम् is also (उत्-शोषणम् = drying up). Actually, knowledge of सन्धि-rules is important for a student, not only for being able to make सन्धि-s, but also to be able to decipher Sanskrit txets. 

It ought to be noted that च्छो in उच्छोषणम् is त्+शो. But च्छे in पदच्छेदः is not त्+शे. Here च् has come in as आगमः because of छे. In उच्छोषणम् it is change आदेशः of त् to च् and of शो to छो. We studied that उत्+शोषणम् becomes उच्छोषणम् by the प्रक्रिया (अ) झलां जशोऽन्ते (8-2-39) (आ) स्तोः श्चुना श्चुः (8-4-40) (इ) खरि च (8-4-55) (ई) शश्छोऽटि (8-4-63). I do not know of any book, which explains, how one jumps from 8-2-39 → 8-4-40 → 8-4-55 → 8-4-63. My Wenn diagram shows the sequence (8-2-39 to 8-4-40 to 8-4-55) together. But to realize that शश्छोऽटि (8-4-63) also applies and the प्रक्रिया becomes complete only after applying that, I think one needs to study अष्टाध्यायी completely and also learn the प्रक्रिया-s. Alternatively, one may study good number of Sanskrit texts and develop the skill to know that उच्छोषणम् is  उत्+शोषणम् but is not to be so split, because it is mandatory that उत्+शोषणम् is उच्छोषणम् only. But यच्छोकम् does split as यत् शोकम् and one can interpret it only by so splitting. There is an edition of गीता by गीताप्रेस, गोरखपुर giving पदच्छेदाः of every श्लोकः. In my YouTube videos on ‘Learning Sanskrit by Verses’ I always give पदच्छेदाः.

I cannot fit in all व्यञ्जनसन्धयः in the Wenn diagram. There is also the dilemma of which वर्णमाला be adopted, whether the one of dictionaries or of शिवसूत्राणि. सूत्रम् तोर्लि (8-4-59) would have a dispersed domain by वर्णमाला in शिवसूत्राणि. 

By the way, तोर्लि is also an interesting सूत्रम्. There is not much of a प्रक्रिया. For example तत्+लीनः = तल्लीनः Note if पूर्ववर्णः is any वर्णः of त-वर्ग and परवर्णः is ल्, the पूर्ववर्णः changes to ल्. Note if पूर्ववर्णः is न्, it changes to nasal ल्. So भवान्+लिखति = भवांल्लिखति

I think we should close the study of व्यञ्जनसन्धयः here. I guess, my Wenn-diagram of व्यञ्जनसन्धयः is a milestone contribution in the study of व्यञ्जनसन्धयः 

Also do view and listen to my YouTube video on this at https://youtu.be/L_aBPa0CXpc

WordPress has the facility to post comments. But I would urge upon readers to send comments directly to me to <sanskrit2601@gmail.com> 

शुभमस्तु ।

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