अष्टाध्याय्याः पदशः अभ्यासः – प्रास्ताविकम्

|| अष्टाध्याय्याः पदशः अभ्यासः – प्रास्ताविकम् ||

I have been studying अष्टाध्यायी in various ways. One way to study may be by doing पदशः अभ्यासः. It may end up becoming a dictionary of अष्टाध्यायी. Also, since अष्टाध्यायी is a standard reference book of Sanskrit grammar, would it be different from “Dictionary of Sanskrit Grammar” authored jointly by महामहोपाध्याय काशिनाथशास्त्री अभ्यंकर and जयदेव मोहनलाल शुक्ल ? I do not know at this stage.

When doing पदशः अभ्यासः, I had to bear in mind the meaning of पद itself.

  • In the tradition of Sanskrit grammar, there has been a thought, attributed to यास्काचार्य, that पद-s in Sanskrit are of four types – (1) नाम (2) आख्यात (3) उपसर्ग (4) निपात.
  • In अष्टाध्यायी there is a definition in सूत्रम् – सुप्तिङन्तं पदम् (1’4’14 सि 29 संज्ञाप्रकरणे) meaning पद is “that which has सुप् or तिङ्-ending”.
  • In the introduction in their book, Dictionary of Sanskrit Grammar संस्कृत-व्याकरणस्य शब्दकोशः following श्लोक-s are mentioned, summarizing what all studies काशिनाथशास्त्री अभ्यंकर and जयदेव मोहनलाल शुक्ल did in compiling their कोश.

प्रातिशाख्य-महाभाष्य-कौमुदी-काशिका-दिकान् / ग्रन्थान् वाक्यपदीयांश्च अभ्यस्य  श्रमपूर्वकम् //1// ग्रन्थानां ग्रन्थकाराणां नामानि प्रत्ययांस्तथा / विशिष्टशास्त्रीयार्थस्य वाचकान् पारिभाषिकान् //2// शब्दान् समीक्ष्य संज्ञादीन् आदेशान् आगमांस्तथा / यदारब्धं संग्रथनं कालात् प्राक् सुबहोर्मया //3// अभ्यंकरोपाह्वकुले वासुदेवस्य सूनुना / काशिनाथाभिधेनेदं कोषरूपं समापितम् //4//

As mentioned in these श्लोक-s, words in अष्टाध्यायी are पारिभाषिक-s, संज्ञा-s, प्रत्यय-s, आदेश-s, आगम-s, etc.

Certainly they put in hard labor श्रमपूर्वकम् in compiling the कोश. And the work spread over number of years “started long time ago” सुबहोः कालात् प्राक् आरब्धम् !

By the way, I also came across a mention that in the various सूत्र-s in अष्टाध्यायी, there are 156 अव्ययानि 1574 प्रथमान्तानि 34 द्वितीयान्तानि 115 तृतीयान्तानि 3 चतुर्थ्यन्तानि 1308 पञ्चम्यन्तानि 1005 षष्ठ्यन्तानि 1349 सप्तम्यन्तानि कुलतः 5544 पदानि of these types.

सूत्रम् – सुप्तिङन्तं पदम् (1’4’14 सि 29 संज्ञाप्रकरणे) warrants that अचः and अचि be treated as two different पद-s, though they are सुबन्त-s of one and the same basic प्रातिपदिकम् “अच्”.

In compound words, there would be more than one पद-s. For example सूत्रम् – स्वौजसमौट्….. (4’1’2 सि 183 अजन्तपुंल्लिङ्गप्रकरणे) is a single word, but contains 21 components and सूत्रम् – तिप्तस्झि… (3’4’78 सि 2154 “तिङन्ते भ्वादयः”-इत्यस्मिन् प्रकरणे) also is a single word, but contains 18 components !

For my study, I would take both अचः and अचि together. So this study shall rather be प्रातिपदिकशः than पदशः. But I may have to treat components in compound words separately. 

Actually अष्टाध्यायी does contain some तिङन्त-s also, though very few. Those studies will rather be धातुशः than तिङन्तशः.

*Note, the mention “1’4’14 सि 29 संज्ञाप्रकरणे”, contains the सूत्रक्रमाङ्क 1’4’14 followed by the paragraph-number सि 29 in सिद्धान्तकौमुदी and also title of the प्रकरणम् the chapter, e.g. संज्ञाप्रकरणे.

This note is, as such, a general introductory on my plan for this study.

महान्तः संदर्भग्रन्थाः Major References –

  1. सिद्धान्तकौमुदी – वासुदेव-लक्ष्मणशास्त्री-पणशीकर-महाभागेन संपादिता /
  2. पाठक-चित्राव-वर्ययोः रचितः अष्टाध्यायी-शब्दकोशः (Word Index) <https://ia600307.us.archive.org/27/items/5990010905076WordIndexToPaniniSutraPathaAndParisistasVidyanidhiSiddheshvarshastr/Pathak%20and%20Chitrao%2C%20Word%20Index_1935%20DLI5990010905076.pdf> अत्र प्रापणीयः
  3. अभ्यंकर-शुक्ल-वर्ययोः Dictionary of Sanskrit Grammar संस्कृत-व्याकरणस्य शब्दकोशः /<http://lukashevichus.info/knigi/abhyankar_shukla_sans_gram_dic.pdf> अत्र प्रापणीयः /

शुभमस्तु !

-o-O-o-

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